The Ocean is a deep and scary world that is completely removed from most of our lives. In this video I explore just how deep the ocean actually is while discussing some of the strange life down there… and other just plain weird and odd things about the ocean.
Widely read and reprinted many times, Raymond Bernard’s book is considered by many to be the definitive treatise on the “Hollow Earth” theory. The book purports that the Earth has a hollow and habitable interior, with a small sun in place of a molten core, and is inhabited by a race of “Superhumans” who are the descendants of the exiled residents of the long lost continents of Atlantis and Lemuria. Bernard claimed that the true North and South poles had not yet been discovered, and that in their place are concave openings to the inner Earth.
Bernard quotes several diary entries and radio announcements by polar explorer Admiral Richard E. Byrd as being definitive proof for his theory that travel to the Earth’s interior was possible. Bernard claims that Byrd’s 1947 and 1956 expeditions took him “beyond the poles” into to a land of lush, green vegetation.
Bernard also popularized the theory that Atlantean inner-Earth beings invented flying saucers (or “vimanas”) many years ago, and were now visiting our realm.
From the original back cover copy for the book: Revealed! The Underground World of Supermen Discovered Under the North Pole!
Why does one find tropical seeds, plants and trees floating in the fresh water of icebergs?
Why do millions of tropical birds and animals go farther north in the wintertime?
If it is not hollow and warm inside the Earth at the Poles, then why does colored pollen color the Earth for thousands of miles?
Why is it warmer at the Poles than 600 to 1000 miles away from them?
Why does the north wind in the Arctic get warmer as one sails north beyond 70° latitude?
On top of it all, Admiral Byrd is supposed to have made several journeys inside the earth by traveling through the holes in the poles.
Could there be anything to Bernard s bizarre claims?
For your reading enjoyment!
To the Future Explorers of the New World that exists beyond North and South Poles in the hollow interior of the Earth. Who will Repeat Admiral Byrd’s historic Flight for 1,700 Miles beyond the North Pole and that of his Expedition for 2,300 Miles beyond the South Pole, entering a New Unknown Territory not shown on any map, covering an immense land area whose total size is larger than North America, consisting of forests, mountains, lakes, vegetation and animal life.
The aviator who will be the first to reach this New Territory, unknown until Admiral Byrd first discovered it, will go down in history as a New Columbus and greater than Columbus, for while Columbus discovered a new continent, he will discover a New World.
Dr. R. W. Bernard, B.A., M.A., Ph.D.
FIELDCREST PUBLISHING CO., INC.
210 Fifth Avenue, New York 10, N.Y.
Note: Author is deceased and publishing company defunct. Rights are not reserved.
- Chapter 1: Admiral Byrd’s Epoch-Making Discovery
- Chapter 2: The Hollow Earth
- Chapter 3: William Reed’s Book, “Phantom of the Poles”
- Chapter 4: Marshall B. Gardner’s Book, ” A Journey to the Earth’s Interior Or Have the Poles Really Been Discovered?”
- Chapter 5: Was the North Pole Really Discovered?
- Chapter 6: The Origin of the Eskimos
- Chapter 7: The Subterranean Origin of the Flying Saucers
- Chapter 8: Conclusion
- Flying Saucers, Propulsion and Relativity
- Comprehensive list of Dr. Bernard’s complete works
Minute Physics explains how long it would take a person to fall all the way through the Earth.
Henry Reich explains why the Earth is so hot underground in this MinuteEarth video narrated by Emily Elert and animated by Omkar Bhagat.
Have you ever stopped to think why the sun looks yellow and the sky looks blue? Minute Physics explains in this video.
Did you know: you can fit all of the planets in our Solar System in between the Earth and the Moon?
Planet Average Diameter (km) Mercury 4,879 Venus 12,104 Mars 6,771 Jupiter 139,822 Saturn 116,464 Uranus 50,724 Neptune 49,244 Total 380,008
The average distance from the Earth to the Moon is 384,400 km. And check it out, that leaves us with 4,392 km to spare.
So what could we do with the rest of that distance? Well, we could obviously fit Pluto into that slot. It’s around 2,300 km across. Which leaves us about 2,092 km to play with. We could fit one more dwarf planet in there (not Eris though, too big).
The amazing Wolfram-Alpha can make this calculation for you automatically: total diameter of the planets. Although, this includes the diameter of Earth too.
Tornadoes are the most violent storms on Earth, with wind velocities that can exceed 200 miles per hour. How do these terrifying cyclones form? Meteorologist James Spann sheds light on the lifespan of tornadoes as they go from supercell thunderstorms to terrible twisters before eventually dissolving back into thin air.
How do tornadoes form? That is pretty easy to answer since there has been a large amount of study into the subject. They are usually the extreme result of a supercell thunderstorm. During the storm cold air and warm air combine in a set pattern: the cold air drops as the warm air rises. The warm air eventually twists into a spiral and forms the funnel cloud that we all associate with a tornado.
The formation of a tornado follows a clear set of steps. First there a change in wind direction and an increase in wind speed. This change occurs at an increasing altitude and creates an invisible horizontal spinning effect in the lower atmosphere. Next, rising air within the thunderstorm’s updraft tilts the rotating air from horizontal to vertical. Third, an area of rotation, 3-10 km wide is contained within a vast majority of the storm. This is where the strongest tornadoes form. Then a lower cloud base in the center of the storm becomes a rotating wall cloud. This area can be nearly rain-free. Lastly, a tornado develops and starts to wreak its destruction.
Once a tornado has formed, it follows a predictable life cycle. First, the mesocyclone(rotating air), along with the rear flank downdraft( RFD), starts moving towards the ground. A small funnel appears to build up at the bottom of a wall cloud. As the RFD reaches the ground, the surrounding dirt rises up, causing damage even to heavy objects. The funnel touches the ground immediately after the RFD, forming a tornado.
During the next stage the tornado’s main source of energy, the RFD, begins to cool. The distance the tornado covers, depends on the rate at which the RFD cools. If the RFD cannot further provide any more warm air to the tornado, it begins to die.
Lastly, with the tornado’s warm air supply cut, the vortex begins to weaken and shrivel away. As the tornado weakens, the mesocyclone also starts to dissipate, but a new mesocyclone can start very close to the dying one. Those are the basics of tornado formation and life.